New study – How Asian honey bees Apis cerana defend themselves against hornets
According to Journal of Apicultural Research “The Asian honey bee Apis cerana, is shown to swarm and abscond to successfully elude a range of predatory hornet species.”
Main difference between European honey bee Apis mellifera and Apis cerana is in speed reaction under hornet attack. A. cerana flies quicker than A. mellifera. The bees in this research were found to make a series of short or “salutatory” swarming flights to effectively rid themselves of attacking hornets.
IBRA Scientific Director and JAR Senior Editor Norman Carreck said: “Honey bees normally swarm to reproduce by making new colonies and sometimes to find new food sources. This study is important because for the first time it shows bees also use swarming to defend themselves from predators.”
Apis cerana, or the Asiatic honey bee, is a native species of honey bee found in southern and southeastern Asia, such as China, India, Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Bangladesh and Papua New Guinea. Apis cerana is actually the honey bee which has evolved wit varroa mite over the years and now she has an effective defense mechanism.
In the short video below you can see how to beekeep with Asian Apis carena in Cambodia.
Source: www.ibra.org.uk, en.wikipedia.org and www.beetography.com.