In Kiev, Ukraine, after following a multi-days ended 43 Apimondia Congres. The Congress was held from 29 September to 4 October 2013. It took place on the edge of town in the Kiev at International Exhibition Centre on the shore of the great river Dnieper under the slogan ” Discover the land of honey – Ukraine.”
The organizers were beside International beekeeping organizations Apimondia also the Ukrainian Beekeepers Association, International Congress Center in Kiev, the Directorate of inspection of agricultural products of Ukraine and representatives of tourism organizations ” Terra Incognita “. The sponsor of the congress was the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych, support, Congress has also assured the Ministry of Agriculture of Ukraine. As they wrote was the goal of Congress to promote the development of domestic beekeeping, improve the image of Ukraine in the world and enhance international cooperation of Ukraine with the world.
Beside of working Apimondia General Assembly were also held meetings of expert committees of international organizations, organized and presented was a large exhibition of beekeeping equipment which was attended by over a hundred manufacturers of beekeeping equipment, breading queen companies, manufacturers of medicinal products for bee health and beekeeping. According to the organizer the congress and exhibition attended by around 8,300 people. The most numerous delegations represented South Korea, Poland, Slovakia, Italy, China, Brazil and Turkey.
The scientific part of the congress was held under the title “Beekeeping and Global Challenges“, the organizers wanted to highlight the major problems faced the world’s bee society due to the high pollution, overexploitation of natural resources, shrinking green areas, the use of new bee highly hazardous pesticides, bee diseases, poisoning and the occurrence of genetically modified plants and because of this, the consequent extinction of bees in large numbers. Expectations from beekeepers were that beekeeping science will find and present solutions to these issues that hinder the development of beekeeping. As well as answers to questions about the invaluable power of bee products and how they can be the most efficient for use.
The scientific program was carried out in seven plenary sessions on topics of beekeeping economy, biology of bees, pollination of plants, beekeeping technology, apitherapy and beekeeping in developing countries. Experts have their achievements presented in the 16 working groups. Sessions attended almost eight hundred scientists. At the Congress there ware multiple competitions in several categories in which the awarded nearly a hundred awards. Given that Congress has been one of the biggest so far. All video reports of events you can see soon on the official website of the Congress -> apimondia2013.org.ua/en.
At the end, the General Assembly of Apimondia desided that the 44 Apimondia Congress will be held in South Korea and in 2017 will be 45 Congress in Istanbul, Turkey.
Work of the working group For Honey
Author: doc. dr. Mojca Korošec – Biotechnical Faculty of Univesity in Ljubljana
International Congresses are an opportunity for active meetings of experts in various fields. Concurrent with the program 43 Apimondia has also held meeting of the International Commission for the honey (International Honey Commission, IHC), which at beginning raised question about the commission within Apimondia. After that the leaders of the working groups presented the activities and conclusions of the research carried out in the period from September 2012. The current objectives of the IHC is the refinement of existing and development of new analytical methods for honey and other bee products, information on current aspects of quality and its control in honey and other bee products, production quality standards for honey products (except honey, which has been already characterized) and production of quality criteria for each type of honey from the honeydew.
The Working Group on pollen, led by dr. Maria G. R. Campos, has carried out characterization of several types of pollen. The results will soon be available in the form of scientific publications, for example, an article on the characterization of pollen of maize (Zea Mays ).
The issue of authenticity of honey and other bee products is very relevant and extensive, so the dr. Elflein Lutz and colleagues of working group prepared interesting presentations of research. The fact is that even with an improved method of analysis of the carbon isotope ratio in honey and honey protein isolate can not always detect falsifications of sugar syrup C4 (e.g., corn, cane ). In addition, the results of the analysis can also be a false positive, as presented for the case of New Zealand Manuka honey. A revised version of the method AOAC 998.12, under certain conditions, namely this allows exceptions, but does not specify types of honey which would be exempted in this criterion. Because of Manuka significant economic importance, is in New Zealand, therefore, in the course of extensive research with a view to the detailed characterization of these types of honey, which is also supported by the government. The working group is also preparing standards for royal jelly, which require a lot of adjustments due to the different production practices in Europe and for example also in China. They presented the draft of the new ISO standard for verifying the geographical origin of royal jelly. Dr. Schwarzinger introduced the method of NMR spectroscopy (nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) as an example of rapid, non-destructive method for the determination of food authenticity.
The group for the sensory analysis is preparing an update of cycles of scents and flavors of honey. Dr. Gian Luigi Marcazzan introduced appropriate standards for odor and flavor descriptors that were selected in the workshop of the working group on May 2013. Renewed cycles of scents and flavors is the basis for the development of standardized methods for sensory analysis of honey, which is prepared in the framework of the working group. A short workshop with test standards was carried out in Kiev.
After completing 43 Congress Apimondia IHC status is as follows: IHC is one of the twelve working groups Apimondia and participates in the scientific Apimondia Commission for Technology and Quality (Beekeeping Technology and Quality).
The organizers of the Congress Apimondia 2013 report on new milestones in the number of participants and participating countries. Unfortunately, the organization was not quite good for such an event, so the overall impression does not reach those who remained at previous conferences, for example. Montpellier or in Ljubljana when an event breath with whole city.
Photos: apimondia2013.org.ua and Janez Mihelič.