New Ukrainian beehive system Bdzhilnyk
In Ukraine a new type of a beehive called “Ukrainian bdzhilnyk” was created and patented. It consists of a small brood box with 9 – 11 low-wide frames (for example, Dadan type) and a bigger honey super for 14 – 21 frames of the same size. The main peculiarity of this beehive is that the smaller brood box is put inside of a bigger honey super in cold water on the Matryoshka-based principle. The brood box with the upper side slats that serve as hand grips is covered by the plastic sheeting and the top feeder. So the bees’ nest is protected by double walls, filled with air in between, besides they don’t have any connection elements. Thus, with this structure we achieve better protection of bee families from cold, wind, draughts, noise intrusions, humidity changes, sunshine, etc. That’s why, the bees can last through the winter very well, they use food economically and develop intensively in spring.
As soon as the brood box is full, it’s installed on the upper side slats in the opening of the bottom of the bigger honey super and thereafter, depending on the weather conditions and intensity receipt nectar, you can add the necessary number of frames in this bigger honey super. The brood box in case of the necessity can be easily removed through the bee-entrance opening. In such a way it’s easier to take care of a bee family and to observe its activity. The brood box from the top can be separated by the queen excluder. In this position the brood box remains in the shade, it is protected from direct sunlight and is well ventilated. This reduces the threat of swarming.
The author has received three patents for the beehive “Bdzhilnyk”:
- patent of Ukraine №94494 from 10.05.2011;
- patent of Ukraine №97460 from 10.02.2012;
- patent of Ukraine №103145 from 10.09.2013 and
- has submitted international application No. WO 2012/177231 (published 27. 12. 2012).